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tv   21 Up South Africa P1  Al Jazeera  April 7, 2019 9:00am-10:01am +03

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the message was directed at those who are calling for u.s. military intervention. by those says it's up to the news wayland's to lead the charge for regime change a clear reference to the trumpet ministrations recent admission that military action is not in the cause for now. seeing human just see the. president nicolas maduro put out the call to supporters and they heeded that will thousands of them taking to the streets of central correctness to show that them back to president still enjoys a lot of support amongst the people men and women young and old we've gathered here to show that not only they supports president nicolas maduro but they are them and three opposed to the u.s. sanctions imposed against venezuela let's speak to a couple of them house the first why why are you here today but. i must say we are very the i will need to stand with president nicolas motherhood and the socialist i want to show and to live any and we want to may they will grow out of their duplass
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and move. well that's one of the fears obviously one of the things that the u.s. has been banking on is not the continuous power shortages and water cuts would make people turn against the president's charm or to ask this gentleman here with these clear cut shortages i'm an electricity cuts doesn't know made you lose faith in the government. but again it's absolutely not we know destructive acts are meant to break us but we will resist we need achieve southam powermat we know that imperil ism is a reality so we must resist it. thank you now aside from showing their support to nicolas maduro the essential message that is also expressed by the people gathered these large crowds in caracas is that they want to support their revolution they believe that's the foreign intervention as they've described the particular form.
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united states is an attempt to defeat the socialist revolution here and they say that they are against any foreign intervention that they are in support of the president and that they are here to defend the revolution. still ahead and. i want to tell you about a third day of clashes between police and migrants in northern greece. and we'll tell you why an increasing number of palestinian israelis say they will boycott tuesday's election. and we're going to welcome back to international weather forecast well things are looking quite nice across china over the next few days in terms of the sky condition but in terms of the heat that is actually going to be going up making
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some feel uncomfortable they were going to see temperatures reaching to about thirty maybe even thirty one across much of the north down towards the south though could see a rain shower to make it quite humid for you with a temperature of about thirty five by the time we get to monday no break in the heat but we are going to seeing hong kong get a few more clouds attempt a few of about twenty nine degrees where cross the philippines looking quite nice to the north in terms of the sky but down towards the south we are going to be picking up some more rain showers manila though temps are few we do expect to see thirty five degrees and that's going to be the trend across much of the northern part of the map where holtzman city also hits thirty five degrees by the time we get towards monday then in terms of heat across india the heat wave is still in effect across much of the region temperatures are forty and above for many locations over the next few days next for we do expect to see a high few of forty one degrees new delhi maybe even higher than thirty seven in some of the parts of the city but we do sixty some clouds pushing through that will help but we do expect the temperature to stay into the. mid thirty's there over
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here towards the ball as well as bangladesh it is going to be rain in the forecast with kevin to see a temperature of twenty four. sponsored by. the environment doesn't know any boundaries what goes up into the environment goes around the world. pushed on that it's a very modern way to do. believe me the measure of progress. the domestic. circle of point. zero.
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desire and let me take you through our top stories this hour the head of libya's un backed government has accused border already. of the trail over its military offensive on the capital tripoli prime minister. says the forces will confront. troops with determination. thousands of protesters marched on president omar al bashir as residents and the nearby army headquarters. it is the first time demonstrators have reached this part of the city since adze government protests began in december. and there been protests of venezuela's capital for and against president nicolas maduro opposition leader and why the rally of his supporters in wild and other parts of the city thousands back.
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israel had so the polls on tuesday to new governments almost twenty percent of those voters are palestinian israelis who say that they are actively discriminated against our recent polls suggest that an increasing number of them and tend to boycott the elections stephanie decker has this report from northern israel these ladies are getting ready to welcome guest political campaigning is intimate here. hopefully these elections will bring something that will help all the arab towns someone who stands with us and helps us so we don't keep feeling like we live in a country without having a place in hopefully things will get better. as a candidate for the ballad party part of two palestinian israeli coalitions running in these elections she's trying to convince these ladies to vote for her. getting into parliament and this race is true why to win an extremist religious atmosphere is not an easy reality for us there is
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a direct policy by this government to target the palestinian community. through a lack of investment in education in various aspects of life in addition to land confiscations and house demolitions but recent polls suggest palestinian israeli voter turnout could be lower than the last elections adam an author says he intends to boycott this vote. also. boxes when they are open the box like an instrument and we are not. we have a history where after this we have life we have we have homeland and we have roots the palestinian israeli parties are predicted to get around eleven seats according to the latest polls out of one hundred twenty and regardless whether it's benjamin netanyahu or his main challenger benny gantz forms a new government through a coalition the palestinian israeli parties say they will join them palestinian israelis make up almost a fifth of israel's population and they hold full israeli citizenship but have only
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spoken to say they face racial discrimination such as the controversial nation state bill that was passed last year which says that israel is the nation state of the jewish people and self-determination is also unique to the jewish people really are using this law and they will use it more and more in the future to make equality impossible. is a human rights activist he says this is the most right wing government in decades and little will probably change but he doesn't agree with those intending to boycott all of think that it spoils ability to boycott the election and then to say oh yeah we had the chance to you know to send his government home and we boycotted the polls suggest that benjamin netanyahu is best placed to form the next government and it could be even more right wing than before stephanie decker al-jazeera northern israel. iran's supreme leader is urged iraq to get u.s.
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troops to leave the country as soon as possible they walk a prime minister met ayatollah ali how many in tehran on his first official visit to the country. trip comes a month off the iranian president hassan rouhani visited baghdad that relations between the neighbors are strengthening despite efforts by washington to curb iran's influence in the region. we wish to see our well developed relations bilateral relations to be an example to follow and also to be a precursor to similar ones with all the regional countries iraq not only aspires to maintain such healthy relations with iran but we are willing to develop widen and deepen our bilateral relations similarly with kuwait saudi arabia egypt could tar and the united arab emirates we wish the region to enjoy stability and peace and to put an end to wars and our correspondents are said to us more from baghdad. the iraqi prime minister arrived in tehran where he was greeted by iranian
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president hassan rouhani at the palace in the capital there to help meetings and then a press conference where they stated the intention for the countries the two countries to develop stronger ties in the coming years of course the iranian president has just been to baghdad last month and he pledged many many developments to come in the in the future between the two countries the iraqi prime minister for his part stressed the importance that iran has for iraq and that he said that if according to iraq's constitution there will be no iraq's oil will not be allowed to be used by foreign troops or fighters to launch any attacks against iran your new president also stressed that iran wishes to increase its exports to iraq to a revenue of about twenty billion the current figure is at about thirteen billion dollars of course the two sides have made very strong gains in the past few years they've developed stronger relationship and they continue to work on that this is
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first democratically elected president says he won't stand again. said see says he's stepping aside after nearly five years to make way for a younger leader the ninety two year old has urged his party to overcome internal divisions ahead of november selection and struggles in recent years with the faltering economy and attacks by armed groups. more than a million people in mozambique are relying on food aid as they rebuild their lives after the devastation of cyclon a day the storm washed away hundreds of thousands of hectares of crops leaving people without anything to harvest from either miller has more from china macondo. the heat is sweltering but these people in china more condo in central wasn't be equal queue for hours they're waiting for food one of them is also guster she says she lost her home and small farm to the psych loan and the floods also carefully shares the rice beans and oil she's collected with her neighbors she hopes these
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basic necessities will last two weeks but with seven miles to feed it's going to be difficult and obviously in the region isn't it where did you get well i feel a bit better because the peace time getting some help through at this time it has been suffering and more suffering i was expecting help from the government. people here usually farm rice potatoes and maize but those crops will last a flood waters up to eleven meters high now that the flood waters receded the aid agencies are able to reach remote areas that two weeks ago were submerged so far the world food program says it's helped half a million people and in the weeks to come once to triple that number. the floods not only devastated farms and wasn't baek but to malawi and zimbabwe as well the un says one point eight million people urgently need emergency humanitarian assistance it's the worst natural disaster that has ever faced and we knew that before even
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though the site on there was very high level of monks ration in the country and those levels are really pushed to another limits so it's quite critical to be here as soon as possible as soon as we can reach those people to provide assistance to everybody in this village because these are farmers from farming communities they've lost their crops the government estimates that more than seven hundred thousand hectares of agric. land has been flooded people here say if they are to recover they need seeds to plant as soon as possible without them they hear they'll have to depend on help from outside when and if it arrives for me to malaya al-jazeera macondo mozambique more than seven hundred people have died in the latest ebola outbreak in the democratic republic of congo health officials say around one hundred people have died in just the past few weeks but residents are now receiving vaccines on a large scale for the first time the effort to stop the epidemic though has been
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hindered by the community's reluctance to seek treatment and violence between armed groups in the region and to france now where protesters from the yellow vests movement have rallied across the country in the twenty first consecutive weekend of demonstrations and riot police fired tear gas to break up the protests activists across the country are demanding social and economic reforms the movement prompted president amount of electrons to open in the national debate in january and new measures are expected to be announced on monday in a bid to dampen anger tens of thousands of people have marched in germany against rising rents and housing shortages activists say property developers have bought thousands of apartments driving up the cost of rent activists have started a petition for the government to take back properties from large scale landlords. seen a very quick drastic rise in rents over the last five years last year berlin saw the highest price rises in property values in the entire world last year was twenty
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percent and we're seeing increasing financialization of real estate in the city as well which means that large corporations are coming into the city international corporations with the backing of the large asset firms are coming in and buying up lots and lots of apartments. police in new york have arrested a man for threatening to kill muslims democratic congresswoman omar patrick cullinane jr faces up to ten years in prison if convicted prosecutors say he called to omar's office in march and threatened to shoot or and left his contact details in a his appearance in court is being held in custody a rising political star in thailand has been charged with sedition and could face up to nine years in prison on its own john gruen koren kids was greeted by hundreds of supporters as he arrived at a police station the charges stem from his role in a student demonstration four years ago at a torrance as thailand's military government is trying to silence him his future
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forward party came in third in last month's election. a great cry police have fired tear gas at hundreds of migrants trying to cross into north macedonia it is the third day of unrest near the city of tesla and eighty migrants travel to the area after rumors spread on social media that the border would be opened at the end stansell as more. police pushing back against migrants and refugees trying to reach northern europe they arrived in a camp in the greek town of d. of us on thursday after hearing that for the controls had been lifted and buses prepared to take people to macedonia but the reports were false rumors circulated on social media stoking the anger and frustration of the migrants many of who have been stranded in greece for a year greek security forces have been preventing them from breaking through a cordon near the border with north macedonia. far.
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goes from. six. thousand already. the only way forward is to say tear gas and stun grenades are regularly used to keep the crowd but they aren't giving up some believe a more calm approach will get them through the borders we will try peaceful and we will see what they do. not through anything not doing anything just just go on friday thousands arrived at the cordon demanding to be let through setting small fires in the field and confronting police the unrest also sprach athens dozens of refugees blocked the main railway station demanding access to other e.u. countries but the greek government and the un say the borders remain closed that heard stories of people saying that from there and. there's going to be the
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european commission is going to come to to assess. briefing and discussion to try and figure out how they can open the borders with these people. there's going to be money in buses and everything to risk or damage to the system to get to the borders but the police here. is going to be to protect them until they get to that i've heard numerous different stories all speak of tens of thousands of refugees and migrants are living in greece part of a wave of immigration from syria iraq and afghanistan which began in twenty fifteen it became stranded increase when balkan countries shut their borders three years ago cutting off the path to northern europe catherine stansell al jazeera. again this is our desire and these are the main stories we're following the head of libya's u.n. backed government has accused. the trail of various military offensive of the
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capital tripoli prime minister fires out sorry says the forces will confront tough starts troops with determination. we reiterate our call to all libyans throughout the country east to west north to south to the necessity of giving priority to the interests of the country unifying the ranks and working together to lift libya out of this crisis i say to the international community that it should not equate between the aggressor and those who defend themselves or between those who seek the militarization of the state and those committed to a democratic civilian country. and thousands of protesters in sudan have marched on president omar al bashir is residents and the nearby army headquarters in the capital it is the first time demonstrators have reached that part of khartoum since the anti-government demonstrations began in december. there been protests in venezuela's capital for and against president nicolas maduro opposition leader why
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do rally his supporters in caracas while in another part of the city thousands packed with auto and tunisia's first democratically elected president says he is stepping aside after nearly five years to make way for a younger leader ninety two year old big c. has urged his party to overcome internal divisions ahead of november's vote sneezy has struggled in recent years with the faltering economy and attacks by armed groups more than seven hundred people have died in the latest ebola outbreak in the democratic republic of congo residents are now receiving vaccines on a large scale for the first time the effort to stop the epidemic has been hindered by the community's reluctance to seek treatment and violence between armed groups in the region and protesters from the el of us movement have rallied across france for a twenty first consecutive weekend in riot police fired tear gas to break up the demonstrations activists across the country are demanding social and economic reforms. those are
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the headlines inside stories next. all but three of africa's fifty five countries have agreed to full one of the world's largest free trade areas and now the gambia has ratified the deal it can be put into effect about nigeria isn't on board of about africa's largest economy what challenges does the agreement hire this is inside story.
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hello and welcome to the program on martine dennis now is often difficult to do business in africa the world bank ranks many countries there among the hardest places to sell goods and services bought an ambitious project to ease trade between them is now a step closer to reality the african union agreed last year to create a free trade zone on the continent the largest since the world trade organization was formed on tuesday gambia became the twenty second country to ratify the cold reaching the threshold for it to be implemented it's hoped the deal will reduce tiris and trade rules and create jobs for a market of one point two billion people so who signed up to this and what fifty two of the fifty five african union members have endorsed the deal the twenty two countries here in orange what they've ratified it three countries though they
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haven't signed up at all they are banned in eritrea and most importantly nigeria and you can see them in gray now nigeria as you know is africa's largest economy. all right let's introduce our guests now from nairobi we have. two c.e.o. of rich management and emerging markets economists from our bureau in the ivory coast we have stephen a co-founder of commodity monitor and from london we have a lucia go and founder and managing partner of obscenities in a finance firm focusing on east west and central africa thank you all very much indeed for joining us can i start with you then in london first of all tell us why do you think nigeria africa's largest economy is not taking part in this free trade deal thanks martin i think that it's wise for the government of
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friendly governments consider this carefully i think major choosing not to participate immediately is presented as is quite wise but it's been five years in the making aleutian and it was only in twenty eighteen i believe that the president will hurry decided not to take part of he just didn't turn up for the meeting in kigali. i think this is something you said when you were interested in the show that there's a hope that this this free trade arrow or deuce terrorists and protect potentially create jobs. i'm not necessarily convinced that reducing terrorists will create jobs and it makes sense for countries to that are looking to grow in industrialized certain key sectors of their economies to have the tools of tires to be able to do that or i am most familiar convinced that. the police variant that the a moscow you're convinced of the priorities of one country say nigeria are similar
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to the priorities of another ok that's interesting stephen. i think your quite a an ardent proponent of this free trade area what do you think about what has pointed out that there's a huge disparity between the economy isn't africa and that nigeria is that you rather wise to hold back and think about it more closely. ny times martin. for me definitely be an optimist in our mind looking at the whole agreement that is going sane and for me i mean those are going has a case definitely in such an agreement there will be some losers and there will be some greenness but overall what we have to consider is that this agreement which is historic actually in no is a signal still a new era and this era is utterly to make sure that we change the structures of africa's economy so when you talk about the whole structure of africa's economy
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nang jeff for example actually you know is less diversified because they depend so much on oil. as the government revenues so when you treat you know such an agreement as well as sponsor me fed up which images so for me i mean what i see is actually airing when situation and if there are countries to fear you know that they will lose from disagreement it has to be just like countries and not a bigger country really big economy like nigeria and for me looking at our coach i for example you know mentions the importance of his food and this is not a trade to respond and make sure that i mean you can produce more what you eat locally let's go to the other side of the continent the out to the east and i think i'll set you use in the kenyan capital nairobi atika what do you make of the arguments that with it so far it's been pointed out that there's a false difference in terms of the needs of the various economy is on the continent and in fact all the shaken has pointed out that he's not entirely sure that
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reducing terrorists is necessarily going to lead to this creation of jobs that has been stated as one of the main objectives of this exercise. so just on the jobs point of martine we've got to create about seventeen million jobs a year at the moment and when doing nothing of the sort the nigerian model currently is in the slow lane and is not even able to produce a per capita g.d.p. increase it's actually declining year on year when you factor in the population increase so i think you know nigeria is not necessarily the economic model that we should be looking at at a macro level i think this is a unique blank slate blue sky opportunity it's a three trillion dollar market people are entrepreneurial if you go anywhere in africa you will find markets and i think so at the macro scale i think it's
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a uniquely good thing at the micro scale it unleashing our entrepreneurs on the ground i think it's a great idea the problem is there are going to be many reactionary forces who are benefiting from what is an asymmetric information and economic space across this continent and it's created a feedback loop and particularly one can look at things like we spend sixty three billion dollars on food imports but this is where people make enormous windfall profits and you get it re secular ating through the political system and as sensually what this free trade proposal is going to do if it really works monti it's going to really reinjury near the african economy and there are a lot of people are very powerful are not very keen on being reengineered out of what is a very profitable position that's been in existence for many many years so that our
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overall this is something we need to embrace they will be i thank you so let's put that straight that talent. shaken in. london because clearly alec on there is suggesting that it's actually vested interests that might be against any changes that this free trade area will put in place which he contends will liberalize what he calls an african economy not just the fifty five individual states that of the ideas agreed but again i'm not the if you look at the countries example of security for the countries like nigeria they made great strides in improving their capacity to produce food in country to meet their local demand the most even able to achieve that using tyra's as a tool and if you look at the counter the e.p.a. agreements that the some of many african countries such as cana you know situation
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where it's more expensive to grow chickens in ghana and it's about chickens in europe and as a result there is this country's unable to compete and you have less food security so i think we can over simplify this it's a lofty idea and i agree with the emotive drivers but if you look at the economics of it if africa's to develop advance it has to do so in a way that governments can achieve their priority objectives using the tools they have available to them which include tariffs yes i think yes other regions but only shows go all the shogun. has already pointed out that the nigerian model is certainly not one to be following is it at the moment importing a vast amount of its own food it's got more people living in poverty than any other country in the world recently overtaking india and has perhaps the largest city in the world if not now pretty soon lagos will be the largest city in the world and unemployment is enormous. i think that in
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focusing on those issues is it makes sense to point those out but the nigerian model isn't the says and simplified down to the challenges you identify the question is what are the tools necessary to drive development and growth anomic activity in africa and is this free trade area or to me going to achieve that and i think is a fact and sent to say that i don't know if you had a chance to look at the tech if you view the text you can see that countries will find themselves countries like nigeria or gun or kenya or find themselves in environment where they're senshi one of fifty four countries voting there are sickly to agree to trade deals or non-trade deals with parties like the european union the hypercompetitive have said you can visit is in areas where parties can accompany foreign companies or non african companies come into markets like ethiopia establish operations and then produce highly competitive products into
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these other markets because now they have free access who's positioned best position to take advantage of this the small entrepreneur that was when he was mentioning earlier or the large corporation and the truth is governments should retain this tool so that they can drive development in the priority sectors which government which differs for different governments all right stephen what does this free trade arrangement mean for the country you're in at the moment could do far one of the first to sign up to this deal. you know as for me i think there is a. mistake very make invest or seen or me how you view the agreement and from iraq i always say the agreement is not an end in itself is in me you know and for me and i mean the continent actually for so long people engaged in trading i mean iraq grow commodities so this for me is one of which unity to to push for
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a money for change in a change in london in the in this. save in place how does this free trade arrangement in the reduction of tiris how does that necessarily stimulate local manufacturing because of course africa is renowned for not adding value to the role materials that leave the continent but how does reducing terrorists actually stimulate the local manufacturing sector. so let's take for example them in the records our sector so them in two thousand and fifteen africa actually imported you know about sixty five billion dollars they know what all. produce so let's say i mean this is actually grown locally this is where we can have people in all growing wheat and actually to i mean going ahead and mean a longer valid evaluate change to process the return to use for add up with that so this is utterly i mean them in a good case to make sure that we do you know engage in more money fracturing and
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also beat if you look at the trade you know the trade or jamie in the africa region for the moment in north africa actually traded among is sort of in manufacturing actually was was the largest compared to you know did not money factor put us we traded outside a continent and this i think for me is a good starting point you know to make sure that that their day agreement for example is the to increase in trying to judge a region the region the africa region and this is not so you know differently or have a direct link to manufacture put out there we treat among ourselves and suffrage in this army you know office you know an important i mean a catalyst to to to make sure that we have money factor put out straight that i mean we denounce either continent. ok alex. if a set trades at fifty nine percent among it fellow asian nations european nations trade at sixty nine percent among themselves africa is only at twenty
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percent at the moment. given the implementation of the free trade deal in this particular state with twenty two countries now having ratified it what sort of improvement on that figure would you expect to see say within a year i think we'd see a huge and blue improvement i think you know it's essentially being suppressed and if you create a level playing field in a number of countries for us to exploit these opportunities i think you're going to see a tremendous it's not just about trade it's about the movement of our human capital that it's not just stuck in a that it becomes much more mobile it reminds me of a famous quote by norman tebbit a conservative minister in britain who said you know get on your bike if you need to find a job i remember many years ago it creates more mobility across the continent at the micro level at the macro level i don't think we should fear foreign
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multinationals we understand brothers my brothers and sisters markets much better than foreign multinationals necessarily do we have many emerging pan-african champions who are who are exploiting these opportunities and to the previous point intra african trade is four x. in terms of sophistication in the product that it is when you compare it with exports that go to the global markets so that is also a big pull of your previous speaker was mentioning i think you know we've got to think more pan-african we've got to stop being in our bunkers we've got to stop fearing change this is a very big opportunity the economic add to g.d.p. will be beyond people's wildest dreams and i think the time has come you know these big trends through the mobile phone have connected all of us in
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a way we've got the infrastructure going in now otherwise if we don't have a single market. all this infrastructure is basically wasted today i can drive on it on a road from nairobi to add a suburb that didn't exist before to not talk about a free market in the context of the investments that we are making on this continent is really a non sequitur in my view we do have to move very aggressively against entrenched forces because they've had a wonderful position for very long and they have a lot of capital but move we have to do we've got to do it now and the devil will be in the detail on the ground at the border post what happens there. is clearly an afro optimist on to alec on going back to early shaken. after a pessimists will point out capacity is one of africa's main problems what about the the prospect of those more developed manufactured economies
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like say in north africa newseum morocco for instance overwhelming some of those that are less developed on the manufacturing side for instance nigeria or perhaps zambia for example isn't there the possibility of the disparity between the two being why. until i think that's such an a right i want to push back on a label that you know that you just mentioned and then after a person has to match the a very very very passionate for the rest i think because i believe in the capacity of african african african nations i think that they should have the ability to use the tools the best tools available to them to drive development and so you're right if this free trade area is created as a visit you'll find areas of you find countries competing in areas where there are competent and. that hyper competency in the continent doesn't extend to food
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security which has been mentioned so i don't see africa suddenly becoming an. net exporter of food as a result of signing this agreement and nothing prevents african countries for importing food from each other in areas where they have capacity or competition what you see instead is the stronger markets including markets like niger and some areas competing more aggressively more benefiting from this free trade area and and to say that one should be concerned about non african actors taking advantage of a free market bringing hyper competitive ability to bear in a market this is them to be concerned about is to me concerning because that's the reason one of the reasons why africa it's as developed as as quickly at the pace that the continent would like us is well so it's a look at every reason if you have an example ready to let me interrupt for a news story ownership to let me interrupt you there because you're taking us rather neatly on to the issue of f.b.i.
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. you're suggesting that you that you rather nervous about the introduction of foreign. involvement if you like engagement in local african economies but foreign direct investment is a necessary ingredient for growth we've always been told this. of course of course . that for foreign capital supporting african countries african entrepreneurs pursuing african opportunities is a part of the growth story of the continent any region has developed but foreign capital supporting foreign capitalists come in to extract value to externalize capital and profits from the continent isn't is a counter supporter force and that's what i'm concerned about so i'm not averse to the f.t. isaac as a key part of the story but it should be f.d.r. that supports private capital in africa and also that supports governments in the
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continent the closer that people to understand what their priorities are party for nigeria is not going to be the same as a priority of uganda they'd be different and i don't think you got a chance to board that its priorities to nature as part right i was going to mention earlier than go to the don't go to group is on the the recent success stories in industrialization on the continent right i think founder is opposed to this to this i don't know if it if if it's going to drive more and thus was asian why would he be against this idea so it's it sounds very nice and if it's a high level narrative and sounds romantic but heart economics dictates a country should have the levers protect let me create a drive the growth of greece let me quickly jump him if that's a very interesting point ali khan i can see that you wanted to get in on that sagan that suggesting that then go t. the one of the continent's basic sessile businessmen is against this free trade project. of course is the biggest beneficiary of the existing information asymmetry
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an economic asymmetry i mean you know he's he is a prime example he's a obviously a brilliant entrepreneur but he's been very very clever maneuvering within the environment that we're now trying to break because of one capital formation to the context with when with which he's operating in a highly respect him but he's naturally going to be in opposition to it because this is where he gets these enormously wide profits in those businesses in which he's operating in them and if you look at something like cement the margins that he's gotten about three times what the margins really should be so i think that if that is a very clear cut case going back to the issue of foreign foreign companies coming in to extract opportunities or next turn allies capital that's what's been going on under the current system take places like the d.r. congo it's not too difficult to see that is the correct zation of the existing
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situation the chief beneficiary of foreign beneficiary of the current system is being china right so china if you look at east africa for example intra e a c. exports have been flat for four years china's exports into east africa have gone up sixty seven percent so let's if we're trying to identify a particular issue that is what i shew is then to say that you know we don't want to compete with our fellow africans oh and that stuff stephen let me take it back to you and can you be briefly because sadly we're running out of time which brings me back to capacity it sounds exceedingly complicated and my question to you is do african governments in the first instance have the capacity to monitor and to implement this in order to protect themselves from some of the dangers that have been highlighted in our conversation today. i mean martin for me it's
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just opposing capacity and will choose will it differently has to do it politically or a lot of the african leaders if this i mean this is a starting point we're only cian to you think potentia and this potential is to make sure that countries find your niche in terms of the who production chain of the army and then to to take advantage and competency you know this media agreement to ensure that we build in ten a regional competency where does countries can actually launch out you know into the global fund otherwise used to we didn't deploy in demand and actually we would never have the competence in terms of contributing to the group value chain so for me this is approaching it and it has to do with the political route of african governments and the states so this actually has to be done and his company is a call or not you know and then the african leaders to be young be young and speeches and to make sure that i mean be able to protocol is not very tall explode
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for me of powles is to make sure the order political or die agreements are negotiated well and differently this should be a win win situation and the other second i'll get the last word to you thirty seconds i'm afraid and i just quickly want to get your thoughts on whether this free trade agreement would actually have any kind of impact upon the existing arrangements the trading arrangements between the african continent for the most part and other trading blocks like the e.u. for instance will they will these races be impacted. it's a well i think that symmetry is this free trade agreement or find themselves signing more aggressive economic punishment treatments which will make it even more difficult and make some of the concerns that i can and and see even raise much more exaggerated i think that they'll lose the ability to even less negotiating bar as a group. than that and then they think they will because automatically what is the
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expertise of we're bringing by creating this free trade area that you that you need to house usually to create by getting that tool they will be exposed can i think you'll very much indeed. in nairobi stephen in a dollar shater in london then you'll very much indeed for a and interesting conversation i have you think if you want to see it again you can always go to the website al-jazeera dot com if you want to even more discussion go to our facebook page facebook dot com for the inside story and there's always a to us is there a handle is at a.j. inside story i'm at martin dennis from the whole team here in doha if i find out.
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people have to wait you all recalled on this trial in fact a few years ago there is place only for one state on the land of israel i do not believe in a two state solution the official story is unfair and on security also already i don't care about the official story if you were to go visit today you would say what has the media been tallied for now the world is watching white there's lots of greys and here join me mad the hot sun on our front of my guests from around the world take the hot seat and we debate the week's top stories and big issues here. but i this is the opportunity to understand the story in a very different way where there before something happens and we don't leave office . or. your place you need to think. it's. cool.
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and. be. a rich and diverse culture explored through its music istanbul songs of the city on al-jazeera . hello and welcome i'm devika pollen and these are top stories the knowledge is there the head of libya's u.n. backed government is accused warlord holly for half of his betrayal over his military offensive on the capital tripoli prime minister fires out there are says the forces will confront tough taras troops with determination. we
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reiterate our cool to all libyans throughout the country east to west north to south to the necessity of giving priority to the interests of the country unifying the ranks and working together to lift libya out of this crisis i say to the international community that it should not equate between the aggressor and those who defend themselves or between those who seek the militarization of the state and those committed to a democratic civilian country or sent me to him as a research fellow at chatham house and he says it's difficult for her to back down from this offensive. i think we're entering a more and more dangerous phase in the last twenty four hours i think what we're seeing is an escalation. after us forces seeking to support the offensive and in response for the forces being sent from misrata to the capital to oppose that offensive so unfortunately it looks like momentum is gathering and that major clashes could be could be witnessed i think it's interesting to understand the
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motivations for this offensive because in some ways it seems quite a surprising move in fact a lot of the discussion was how a political settlement might be coming in the near term and that it might heavily favor half there and actually what we've heard in recent weeks is a lot of criticism from have to opponents saying that after was effectively being given too much so in that context and only ten days out from the national conference that have to launch an offensive was the u.n. secretary general is in tripoli certainly has caught people by surprise i think at the same time it seems likely that if that was the play and controlling that tripoli was the goal then the hope would have been that it would have happened quick and now that this is set in and forces are being mobilized it looks set to be a much more sustained campaign certainly following the speech that have to made on thursday announcing the advance on tripoli it's very hard for him to back down and see how he gets out of this position i think it's difficult to make too many
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predictions on the ground at the moment because we see that in libya often alliances can be quite fleeting and shifting but you would certainly say that at this present time it's unlikely that have to forces are going to prevail in tripoli and that raises a whole host of questions. thousands of protesters in sudan have marched on president omar al bashir as residents and the nearby army headquarters in the capital it is the first time demonstrators have reached that part of khartoum since anti-government demonstrations began in december. and they've been protests in venezuela's capital for and against president nicolas maduro opposition leader rallied supporters in caracas while in another part of the city thousands back tomorrow to meet his first democratically elected president says he's stepping aside after nearly five years to make way for a younger leader ninety two year old. said c. has urged his party to overcome internal divisions ahead of november's vote tunisia
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struggled in recent years with the faltering economy and attacks by armed groups more than seven hundred people have died in the latest ebola outbreak in the democratic republic of congo residents are not receiving vaccines on a large scale for the first time the effort to stop the epidemic has been hindered by the community's reluctance to seek treatments and violence between armed groups in the region and police in new york have arrested a man for threatening to kill the muslim democratic congresswoman ileana omar patrick carly a. junior faces up to ten years in prison if convicted prosecutors say he called omar's office in march and threatened to shoot her left his contact details and protesters from the yellow bus movement have rallied across france for a twenty first consecutive weekend in the riot police fired tear gas to break up demonstrations activists across the country are demanding social and economic
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reforms well those are the headlines the news will continue here after the program circle of poison. the environment doesn't know any boundaries you know dust and pollution from china settles in the us you know nuclear radiation from chernobyl went over iceland. what goes up into the environment goes around the world and ultimately this then layer of topsoil. maybe six inches of soil around this hard planet spinning in space represents the dust of our ancestors all of human history and all the other
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creatures are in that soil and to contaminate that and the water supply in the air is a forgivable sin it's something that will pay for as a species. in generations to come this senate agriculture committee is considering a bill that would ban the export of dangerous pesticides farm workers from abroad told lawmakers yesterday of devastating health problems from exposure to chemicals made by american companies close to reagan former morio zimbardo used to grow bananas for export to america until he believes the pesticides sprayed on the plants made him and eight hundred other workers and. he told a senate committee there were times when he virtually bathed in a chemical that u.s. companies and officials knew could render him in if a chemical is banned or unlicensed as too dangerous to use in america should it be morally wrong to export it somewhere else aside from morality many experts believe
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americans are eating these pesticides can produce grown over see the so-called circle of poison. we know the circle of poison really started for me years before when i was in the peace corps in afghanistan and my wife and i were in this little remote northern town called tahlequah on has absolutely nothing to do there and. we were bored and one day we'd. picked up some food from the american embassy when we were in kabul and she was reading the ingredients on the kool-aid packet that she'd gotten which shows there wasn't a lot to breed in telecom and she said holy cow cycle mates in the us i said wait they're banned about us government how could a banned substance end up in a poor country like afghanistan and so that started the investigation where i started to realize that systematically anything that was banned or heavily regulated or restricted to run registered in the us was being allowed by the us
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government and in fact encouraged to be sent overseas almost as compensation for the companies are losing the us market. pesticides are pushed on grounds that it's a very modern way to do. i remember. years ago reading a book that india is on to develop because it doesn't use pesticides and we've made poisons the measure of progress and cattle let it down in this it's called god some countries it is so beautiful it has some of the best health indicators in the world hundred percent literacy. and you go and.
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you know so. she actually got us into. the issue of perception constable is a very unique case the first response in the past in back to her facilities on animals. we have the disappearing of the dogs doing the chickens dying snakes dying in the in the in the planet's media. initially the people were really happy because the snakes are dying the cause of dying so the nobody will know your color will come and catch you if you can so you're happy you can walk in the plantation freely because all the snakes are gone but in a year's time they found that the chicken is also disappearing. to your spine bank
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they found that they can no longer keep dogs because the dogs again. suddenly you have the backs of this of your own human beings and when the impact became physically human beings like. the one we call brain in the man. people born with old limbs in certain cases people born with the you and then there are things outside the body you named the human disorder which can happen to a body you see in gaza were. many actually bend down and then start to understand the issue of. this is that anderson i'm then up in community and generally they were not. there in fact it's a place that can pass the left and there is no source of other source of pollution in that area because except the standing it so even also not initial every discuss today that it's effects on the level and then slowly even the minister. and collecting the information they said only relates that now these things can happen
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. probably the signs and symptoms was. really ninety's like ninety one ninety two ninety three that's going to be here by someone it was a. child born with something but we see a lot of new ones born with. the child is not exposed but the patterns are exposed and the children are born with before that is happening today. in the cashew plantations of india dr and his mobile medical team visit survivors of one of the worst pesticide disasters in the world. the. transition here or full of cases here also is sort of spread by the.
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more. and he didn't move. and i look i've you know saturday. a little online. and you know that. i mean i. actually i'm going to need every label they would like to live and then the young one. afterbirth. that's. not having no. they would have been many many storms like. they're doing some activities all our lives so all the guns and dog and veg must us use having sort of a bus. and.

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